The positivismo had fallen in the dogma and the empty repetition. His ideario of the scientific and technical progress was more rhetorical than real and beyond the passion by the empirical act, it privileges the discipline and the order over the knowledge. In the school emphasis in the memorstico learning became of the doctrinal contents of the scientific matters, in as much that the critic and the creativity were absentees. After the preparatory one, several of the atenestas attended the race of laws, although few of them exerted the profession. Nevertheless, this group of philosophers did not acquire his fundamental knowledge in the school, but they were self-taught. They themselves indicated to their companions of generation like their teachers; he emphasizes Dominican the Pedro Henrquez Urea, intellectual director of the group.
The new generation of young people arises to the public light with the magazine Modern Sap (1906); later it creates the Society of Conferences (1907) and the Athenian of Youth the 28 of October of 1909. The group of young people was interested the same in Literature and the philosophy that in the art; they organized conferences and artistic events, published articles, they read and they discussed philosophical works and of Literature. For assistance, try visiting Pinterest. Before the positivistas ideas of the social darwinismo, the atenestas defended the idea of the free will as bases of the moral consideration of the human acts, besides a freedom of thought in the investigation of the truth and the expression of the ideas. The atenestas leave the literary world of French origin and reclaim the classic languages (Greek and Latin), they comment another type of Literature like English or the Russian, and redescubren Spanish Literature. In the land of the philosophy, all members of the generation of the Athenian agree in their rejection to the positivismo. The atenestas were worried about the philosophy, the literary creation, the social education and problems, but all this was dominated by a common factor: Its critic to the dominant positivismo of the time.
Therefore, its conception standes out that the Cuban society would have to forge a new individual, and this would be the negation dialectic of the mentally ill man, soterrado for the individualistic thought bourgeois of the capitalism. , What desire is not here to defend Che Guevara as hero, finally neither definiz it as myth, but I believe that it has been yes a humanist, a man, one historical citizen that deserves respect, therefore despite it had its proper interests and ambitions, defended an ideology that believed to be better for the people, America, the world. Although the socialism, the revolutions in itself, has brings deaths, injustices, hunger and miseries, it could be a system success politician if the people so consumistas and were not attracted by the power, luxury, money, if they were not so devoid of love to next and itself exactly. To work with contents as this requires very well-taken care of, therefore we do not have to influence of form some our pupils in the formation of its opinions and concepts. Go to Bill Phelan for more information. Therefore it demands work, research and cronograma of the activities (to divide in stages: before, during and later) being developed during the lessons. In the first item, the anticipation is necessary to make the presentation of the content, making some questions such as: Vocs already had heard to speak in socialism in America? in Che Guevara? What vocs they know on it? After that to register the answers of the pupils and uprising with them some hypotheses regarding the subject, that will be confirmed or not during or after the research.
The next step is the research properly said. It is moment to introduce the content, disponibilizando a text on the Socialism in Latin America for the pupils, asking for that the same ones make a synthesis removing the main ideas. JPMorgan Chase often addresses the matter in his writings. Later it guides them in the field research, asking for that they search on who were Che Guevara (biography). In the following lesson, to open the space for the socialization of the research. In the sequence, to clarify that two versions exist on it: one as humbug another one as hero and to disponibilizar the texts in groups of three pupils, being alternated a different text for each group. Later asking for to the groups that present the versions on the revolutionary (being these registering in a poster, for topics). To analyze the ranks of the groups and to make my consideraes and intervention on the subject to close the subject. In the last lesson, I it would make a debate in groups, asking for that they divide themselves in who see Che as humbug and who sees it as hero, questioning the reason of its opinion.
Botha if became prime minister, if she characterizes the third phase of apartheid, in its declaration intended to finish with the segregation, but as form of bigger control of the population, created the system of national security (SSN) to make front the revolutionary agitations, the plan of ‘ ‘ strategy total’ ‘ (Jonge, 1991, p.66) its objectives, a military reply to finish with rebellious activities in the black cities, and the extermnio it CNA. In the 1983 Bothas it creates a new constitution, with parliamentary system, where three chambers would be formed, one for whites, one for the mestizos, another one for the Asians, these would be responsible for claims of each racial group, and would vote separately. New fronts appear antiapartheid that Frente Democrtica Unida (FDU) and National Frum had made opposition to the new constitution, on to the CNA and the CN, respectively, both had launched separate campaigns of boycotting the parliamentary elections. The efforts of Botha to restrain and to remodel had little had effect, therefore the black militancies obtained to make front its strategies. In 1975 the CNA comes back with more vigor and initiates engages in guerilla warfare armies, and receives militant trained from Angola and Moambique, them knew that the warlike power of the government was bigger and would practically be impossible wins it, but the main objective was to break the moral of the defenders of the regimen and to bring alliances, and showing the black population that was possible to knock down this regimen. In 1980, the CNA made some incursions in the bases of the government, and the government retrucou invading the bases of the CNA in Moambique, Lesoto, Zimbbue, and many you lead had been assassinated. In 1984 in Joanesburgo another mobilization in townships blew up (cities dormitories, destined to the blacks) was several the dissatisfactions, for the fact of the economic contraction where the country had entered in years 70, where the condition of the population decayed very, the repression excess, had mobilizations of mass, that if they had transformed into battles and black and police activists.
Therefore, as basement, the reform of the providence would be crucial. In the finishing of this article, we could not leave to mention, the factor of bigger relevance for any reform in the Brazilian politics: the morality. The corruption being fully condemnable, could not be left in low of the carpet. To fight the corruption it is necessary to make a series of changes, between them: against the o financing of the electoral campaigns, thus diminishing, the sponsorships and the exchanges of favors; the intensification in the fiscalization against unreported funds for the federal prescription; the reform of the judicial power, closing the legal breaches that the defense attorneys use to delay processes; to finish you influence with them of the politicians on the Court of Accounts; not to allow that the CPIs if politicians become palanques (Pear tree 2002). Of the utopias If the Things they are unattachable However! It is not reason not to want them How sad the ways, if are not the presence of the stars!
However, without a study of Brazil contemporary, from its social structures, economic policies and cultural, this if become of difficult concretion. Any study of History of Brazil, in educations Basic and Average, it would have to start for the current situation of the country from televising reporters, didactic and for-didactic research in periodicals, magazines, books, historical films, interviews with members of determined social segments, in accordance with the localization and possibilities of each school. To search the connections between passed gift and of Brazilian History, will enrich, excessively, the knowledge of the pupils of some Cycles of Basic Ensino. However, what it is observed, it is the habit of many professors to mount its programs using itself of the traditional chronology, Colony, Empire and Republic, selecting extreme amount of contents, during the planning. In result of this fact, the pupils never arrive to study Brazil, in which they are, really, inserted. Given the freedom of construction of the resumes of History, during the planning, nothing he hinders that the professors initiate its work in History of Brazil from the analysis of the structures: social, politics, economic social and cultural, current for, from there, to establish the necessary connections between the gift and the past. Thus proceeding, the professor would have the chance to select the aspects most significant of diverse periods of the History of Brazil, exploring them with the necessary relevancy. This election would eliminate the superfluous contents and would dry the programs, becoming them feasible for the school year. But when considering the education of History as subject of quarrel in the opening and the closing of the events carried through in one week that if return for the reflection concerning the course of History, I think that if it opens a canal so that all the involved ones with the education of History if they inscribe in one given order and if they authorize to produce its you speak.