A large proportion of them come from industries that contribute significantly to the economy of industrial societies. These include metallurgical industries of iron and steel and nonferrous metals and mining (eg mining and petroleum) and services (such as automotive workshops disposed used oil) The inadequacy of the rules to reality and the need to direct the path of sustainable development that provides the need for development of scientific knowledge that can give us short-term solutions to pollution by waste from oil extraction. As such, it is intended to provide a comprehensive view about how to constitute waste within the industrial process of oil extraction, and the mechanisms or techniques for the treatment of oily wastes, taking into account the existing international recommendations and treatments within the regulations international force, which contributes to the search for environmental solutions in generating sustainable development, as well as provide elements of study Legal analysis for researchers of environmental and technical analysis of the waste or waste from oil. 2. Nature and types of waste: Waste materials are not essentially because they occur as part of the production for the market and that generates it has no use for the production, processing or consumption. Waste can be generated during the production of raw materials, processing of raw materials into intermediate and final products, the consumption of end products and other human activities. “They’re solid waste those materials, products or by-products in solid state that your generator has, or is obligated to provide under the provisions of national regulations or the risks they cause to human health and the environment …” that come from agricultural waste, demolition waste, as well as mining and hydrocarbons.