The National Curricular Referencial for the Infantile Education brings in itself objective including to be employed in the infantile learning – the social and personal formation, the identity and autonomy, the world knowledge – in which is implicit situations gifts in the dimension human being that other objectives of form more specific can be unfolded in many as form to mediate education learning. Specifically volume 03 of the National Curricular Referencial for the Infantile Education places the disposal of the professor, the axles norteadores of the discovery process of the child consubstanciado in the movement, music, the visual arts, the verbal language and writing, the study of the nature and society and in the mathematics, to be used as instrument of constant work. When analyzing the National Curricular Referencial for the Infantile Education can be observed that it has a concern in if working the children of integral and dynamic form, detaching the basic necessities of the child as to play, to play, to smile, to dance, to sing and thus becoming its pleasant learning. Interferentes factors in the process teach-learning in the school Notations extracted in the readings and undertaken research demonstrate that internal factors exist and external gifts in the universe that influence directly and indirectly so that intelligence human being if develops with bigger success, advancing gradual the abilities mental and social physics of a child. In the specific case of the small child, when it acts alone, its basic abilities, are organized from its action on the object, that is, the child acting of this form is learning alone, for its proper effort, without the interference of third, is the call, spontaneous learning. However when the adult one starts to intervine intentionally in the process of learning of the child, a message is propagated by it (adult) to the child, having evoked a reply, that the adult has ready waiting that the child answers what it elaborated and desires to hear.